ted-nelsonIn the year 2025

PC and Hypertext will give everybody an IQ from 300

Ted Nelson

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Wisdom may come with age, but so too does an inexorable decline in cognitive abilities IQ. Whether it is speed of processing, working or long-term memory, it all starts to go downhill as people move into their 30s, and continues as they enter their 40s and beyond.

Let´s take a look at IQ Definition and possibilities to improve it.

Wikipedia IQ Definition

Wikipedia IQ Definition

An intelligence quotient (IQ) is a total score derived from several standardized tests designed to assess human intelligence. The abbreviation “IQ” was coined by the psychologist William Stern for the German term Intelligenzquotient, his term for a scoring method for intelligence tests at University of Breslau he advocated in a 1912 book.[1] Historically, IQ is a score obtained by dividing a person’s mental age score, obtained by administering an intelligence test, by the person’s chronological age, both expressed in terms of years and months. The resulting fraction is multiplied by 100 to obtain the IQ score.[2] When current IQ tests were developed, the median raw score of the norming sample is defined as IQ 100 and scores each standard deviation (SD) up or down are defined as 15 IQ points greater or less,[3] although this was not always so historically. By this definition, approximately two-thirds of the population scores are between IQ 85 and IQ 115. About 2.5 percent of the population scores above 130, and 2.5 percent below 70.[4][5]

Brainmetrix IQ Defintion

Brainmetrix IQ Defintion

IQ is a number meant to measure people cognitive abilities (intelligence) in relation to their age group. An I.Q between 90 and 110 is considered average; over 120, superior.
Roughly 68% of the population has an IQ between 85 and 115. The average range between 70 and 130, and represents about 95% of the population. A score below 70 may indicate problems in understanding the iQ questions or some type of learning disability, and a score above 130 may indicate intellectual giftedness.

1% of the population has an IQ of 136 or higher. However, an individual scoring 100 within one population can score above or below that value within another population, for example, the Japanese are supposed to have the highest average IQ in the world (115), but this 115 can only be an average of 100 within their own population.

The highest IQ was 228, according to Guinness Book of Records, this score belongs to the ‘smartest’ person in the world Marilyn vos Savant who scored it when she was 10 year old. This would, according to recent research, correspond to about IQ 185 at adult age. That score is, at least, surpassed by the chess player and champion Bobby Fisher which was 187, and Kim Ung-Yong (S. Korea) with a score over 200.

What constitutes a person´s IQ.

Science about IQ

The term IQ, or Intelligence Quotient, generally describes a score on a test that rates the subject’s cognitive ability as compared to the general population. IQ tests use a standardized scale with 100 as the median score. On most tests, a score between 90 and 110, or the median plus or minus 10, indicates average intelligence. A score above 130 indicates exceptional intelligence and a score below 70 may indicate mental retardation. Like their predecessors, modern tests do take in to account the age of a child when determining an IQ score. Children are graded relative to the population at their developmental level.

What is this cognitive ability being measured? Simply put, IQ tests are designed to measure your general ability to solve problems and understand concepts. This includes reasoning ability, problem-solving ability, ability to perceive relationships between things and ability to store and retrieve information. IQ tests measure this general intellectual ability in a number of different ways.

They may test:

-spatial ability: the ability to visualize manipulation of shapes
-mathematical ability: the ability to solve problems and use logic
-language ability: This could include the ability to complete sentences or recognize words  when letters have been rearranged or removed.
-memory ability: the ability to recall things presented either visually or aurally

Questions in each of these categories test for a specific cognitive ability, but many psychologists hold that they also indicate general intellectual ability. Most people perform better on one type of question than on others, but experts have determined that for the most part people who excel in one category do similarly well in the other categories, and if someone does poorly in any one category, he also does poorly in the others. Based on this, these experts theorize there is one general element of intellectual ability that determines other specific cognitive abilities. Ideally, an IQ test measures this general factor of intelligence, abbreviated as g. The best tests, therefore, feature questions from many categories of intellectual ability so that the test isn’t weighted toward one specific skill.

Because IQ tests measure your ability to understand ideas and not the quantity of your knowledge, learning new information does not automatically increase your IQ. Learning may exercise your mind, however, which could help you to develop greater cognitive skills, but scientists do not fully understand this relationship. The connection between learning and mental ability is still largely unknown, as are the workings of the brain and the nature of intellectual ability. Intellectual ability does seem to depend more on genetic factors than on environmental factors, but most experts agree that environment plays some significant role in its development.

But can you increase your IQ score? There is some evidence that children develop higher intellectual ability if they receive better nurturing and diet as babies, and a higher degree of intellectual stimulation in preschool tends to boost children’s IQ scores for a few years of elementary school but does not permanently increase IQ scores. For the most part, adult IQ scores don’t significantly increase over time. There is evidence that maintaining an intellectually stimulating atmosphere (by learning new skills or solving puzzles, for example) boosts some cognitive ability, similar to the way maintaining an exercise regimen boosts physical ability, but these changes aren’t permanent and do not have much effect on IQ scores.

So your IQ score is relatively stable, no matter what education you acquire. This does not mean that you can’t increase your intelligence. IQ tests are only one imperfect method of measuring certain aspects of intellectual ability. A lot of critics point out that IQ tests don’t measure creativity, social skills, wisdom, acquired abilities or a host of other things we consider to be aspects of intelligence. The value of IQ tests is that they measure general cognitive ability, which has been proven to be a fairly accurate indicator of intellectual potential. There is a high positive correlation between IQ and success in school and the work place, but there are many, many cases where IQ and success do not coincide.

Are Intelligence and Memory Linked?

By: Hsin-Yi Cohen BSc, MA, MSt – Updated: 26 May 2018

About Intelligence

One mental ability that is often taken as an indicator of intelligence level is memory ability.
While the two are strongly linked, memory is not necessarily a good indicator of intelligence. In particular, working memory, which can be affected by things such as stress, can give a false impression of an individual’s intelligence or lack of intelligence.
Like many aspects of intelligence, memory can be improved with training and depends on a complicated set of interactions between biological pathways and environmental factors.

What is Memory?

In the broadest sense, memory is your ability to store, retain and then retrieve specific pieces of information, previous experiences or knowledge of procedures (e.g. skills and habits) on request. It is an important function of the brain and also an important aspect of cognition, which involves not just remembering (and forgetting) but also reasoning, abstract thinking, imagination, attention, insight and appreciation of beauty.
Contrary to popular perception, memory is not so much storage space as a series of processes for registering and encoding information for later use (and retrieval). Thus, our cognitive ability to do this changes as we age, although the rate and amount of change varies from individual to individual and is not solely determined by a person’s biological age.

Research has shown that it is possible to take actions to prevent memory loss and the deterioration of other brain function as we age.

Types of Memory

The common division of memory is into long-term (events and knowledge from our pasts) and short-term memory (recent knowledge and happenings).

Another way to classify memories is into explicit memories, which are things you can recall consciously and which you can describe verbally – such as people, places and specific facts. Another way is implicit memories, which are the skills and procedures which you learn, such as dancing or playing a certain sport or even driving.

Memory is also sometimes specified as “working memory” which is the ability to retain and manipulate information – for example, doing mathematics calculations in your head rather than using a pen and paper.

Working Memory

Research has shown that there is a strong relationship between intelligence and working memory, although the exact nature of the relationship is still under debate. However, studies have shown that poor working memory, rather than low intelligence, could be the reason why some children under-achieve at school, where working memory is particularly necessary to perform tasks such as writing down dictated sentences.
Children suffering from poor working memory can be seriously impaired in their ability to learn, which may be translated as a lack of intelligence, when this is not the case. These children need to be identified and alternative methods of teaching used, to help them achieve their potential.

Memory and Intelligence

Your memory, especially your working memory, can significantly influence your “intelligence”. That is, your memory affects your ability to quickly and easily retrieve and apply stored information in situations when you need to solve a problem – and your ability to solve problems is often defined as intelligence. Therefore, memory and intelligence are almost like two sides of the same coin.

For example, people who are seen as being good at maths are often able to solve problems in their head and the reason they can do this easily is because they can quickly retrieve stored information which allows to solve the problem successfully. They are not necessarily more “intelligent” overall but rather, they are able to store mathematical data in their long-term memory and retrieve it quickly when they need it. However, the two are linked and improving your memory can help you to display what is commonly seen as “intelligence”.

Improving Memory Ability and IQ with Superintelligence2525/Supi2525

Will be continued 🙂