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The Eye of Horus in History, Nature Art and Music
The Eye of Horus, also known as wadjet, wedjat or udjat, is an ancient Egyptian symbol of Super Learning, Work and Health. The Eye of Horus is similar to the Eye of Ra, which belongs to a different god, Ra, but represents many of the same concepts.
Funerary amulets were often made in the shape of the Eye of Horus. The Eye of Horus is “the central element” of seven “gold, faience, carnelian and lapis lazuli” bracelets found on the mummy of Shoshenq II. The Wedjat “was intended to protect the pharaoh [here] in the afterlife” and to ward off evil. Ancient Egyptian and Middle-Eastern sailors would frequently paint the symbol on the bow of their vessel to ensure safe sea travel.
Meaning: Also known as the Eye of Horus or the udjat, this eye is a symbol of the god Horus as both the son of Osiris and Isis and as the sun-god. Egyptian myths state that Horus lost his left eye in his war with Seth to avenge the death of his father. Seth tore the eye into pieces. The left eye, being the moon was discovered by Thoth (the god of wisdom and magic) lying in pieces, but he was able to reassemble them into the full moon. Each piece of the udjat (shown below) can be seen as representing a fraction of the descending geometric series 1/2, 1/4, 1/8, etc., put together they make 63/64 or approximately 1. Having been reassembled, Thoth gave the Eye to Horus. Horus, in turn, gave the eye to his murdered father Osiris, thereby bringing him back to life.
Together, the eyes represent the whole of the universe, a concept similar to that of the Taoist Yin-yang symbol. Spiritually, the right eye reflects solar, masculine energy, as well as reason and mathematics. The left eye reflects fluid, feminine, lunar energy, and rules intuition and magick. Together, they represent the combined,transcendent power of Horus.
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The Eye of Horus – Healing Power and Protection
The symbol was used as a protective amulet and believed to have the power of healing power. According to Egyptian Mythology Horus lost his left eye in his war with Set who tore the eye into six pieces. Thoth, the god of wisdom and magic, was able to reassemble the eye and returned it to Horus. Horus gave the reassembled eye to his murdered father Osiris, thereby bringing him back to life. The symbol therefore represents the power of healing and was capable of bringing the dead to life, as it did with Osiris. The ancient Egyptians used the eye as a funerary amulet for protection against evil and to guide their rebirth in the underworld.
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Thoth, god of Egypt
Discover the legends and myths and religious beliefs surrounding Thoth, the Egyptian god of knowledge, wisdom, the moon and magic. He the patron of scribes, writing and science. Thoth was considered the inventor of the hieroglyphics. The duties of the ibis-headed god Thoth included that of secretary of the sun god Ra and scribe of the Underworld. The god Khonsu was perceived as his mathematical counterpart and the goddess Seshat was his consort. Thoth is depicted as an ibis or as a human with the head of an ibis.
Who was Thoth
Thoth was the Egyptian ibis-headed god of knowledge, magic and wisdom. The ibis was used as a recognition aid and a device to visually convey the powers, identity and attributes of Thoth. An ibis is a large wading bird with a long slender down-curved bill, long neck, and long legs. Thoth is also connected with baboons who were guardians of the first gate of the underworld.
Thoth in Egyptian Mythology
Thoth, the Egyptian god of knowledge, featured in the stories, myths and legends in Egyptian Mythology. According to one myth Horus lost his left eye in his war with Set who tore the eye into six pieces. Thoth, the god of wisdom and magic, was able to reassemble the eye and return it to Horus who gave the reassembled eye to his murdered father Osiris, thereby bringing him back to life. He is associated with jackal-headed god Anubis at the ‘Weighing of the Heart’ and with the Seshat, his female counterpart and the goddess of writing and libraries. Thoth also plays an important role in the legend concerning the Tree of Life. He is sometimes referred to as the consort of Ma’at, the goddess of truth, justice, morality and balance.
The Role of Thoth
The attributes and accreditations given to Thoth, in his role as the god of knowledge and wisdom, were numerous and complex but included:
Lord of Wisdom
Inventor of Hieroglyphic Writing
Keeper of Records
Scribe of the gods and secretary of Ra
Arbitrator and Messenger of the gods
Master of passing time, the lunar cycle and the movement of the stars – the God of Chronology
Creator of the 365 day calendar.
The inventor of mathematics, astronomy and engineering
God of justice and “supreme judge”
Author of all works of science, religion, philosophy and magic
The Creator of spells and Lord of Magic
The profession of scribes was under his protection, as the writing of hieroglyphics was a sacred and magical act. Scribes were one of the most respected professions in ancient Egypt and Thoth was their patron, his image was present in their place of work and one of the symbols for scribes was the ibis refer to the article on Seshat for facts and information about the ancient Egyptian scribe.
The Library of Thoth
Thoth was believed to have created a great library of scrolls containing all of his knowledge and his magic spells. His books of magic contained ‘formulas which commanded all the forces of nature and subdued the very gods themselves’. His consort, Seshat the goddess of writing, was the “Mistress of the House of Books” indicating that she also took care of his great library of spells and scrolls. He was revered as the great teacher who taught mankind the art of writing and as a great magician.
Iconography – Thoth and the Ibis
Thoth is usually represented as an ibis (Threskiornis aethiopicus) or a man with the head of an ibis. As an ibis, Thoth often appears perched on a standard as on the relief at the temple at Kom Ombo. However, he most common representation of Thoth is as an ibis headed man, holding a reed pen and a scribe’s palette.
Thoth and Hermes – The Emerald Tablets of Thoth
Thoth and the Greek god Hermes were both gods of writing and of magic in their respective cultures and during the Greco-Roman Period (332 BC – 641 AD) the two gods were worshipped in what had been the Temple of Thoth in at Hermopolis. “The Emerald Tablets of Thoth” or the “Secret of Hermes” as the Hermetic Corpus was a table made of green stone that contained a series of sacred texts. These secret and sacred texts were believed to reveal the secret of life, the primordial and all other substances and provided the key to the ideas of the earth, fire, the sun and the moon. The Emerald Tablets of Thoth were believed to be a combination of the knowledge and wisdom of Hermes and Thoth in layers of cryptic meanings. The sacred texts contained in the Emerald Tablets of Thoth survived in eastern Byzantine libraries. Their re-discovery and translation into Latin during the late-fifteenth century was sought by European alchemists looking for the recipe for alchemical gold and the secrets of raising the consciousness to a new degree. The Emerald Tablets of Thoth became a core element in the foundation of alchemy and commentaries and/or translations were published by famous people including Roger Bacon, Aleister Crowley, Albertus Magnus, C.G. Jung and Isaac Newton.
Thoth and the Tree of Life
Thoth, the secretary of the sun god Ra and scribe of the Underworld, played an important role in the myths relating to the Tree of Life. The Tree of Life was believed to hold the Knowledge of the Divine Plan or the equivalent to a map of destiny which existed from when the world was created, marking the beginning of time. Thoth wrote the king’s name and the length of his reign on the Tree of Life which protected the ruler and perpetuated his name. Thoth and his counterpart Seshat were the guardians of the sacred hieroglyphs.
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Picture of the Tree of Life
The picture of the Tree of Life depicts a scene from the tomb of Ramses II in which his name is recorded and inscribed on the leaves of the tree of life
The ever youthful figure pictured in the Tree of Life is the Pharaoh Ramses II, depicted with his symbols of kingship: crown, flail and scepter
The figure to the left is the ibis headed god Thoth who was the god of wisdom, magic, and the measurement, and regulation, of events, and of time. He was the secretary of the sun god Ra and scribe of the Underworld and inscribed the name of the Pharoah on the Tree of Life
The first god on the right of the picture is Ptah, the lord of truth and master of justice who was present at the ceremony of justification in the Hall of the Two Truths
The goddess on the right of the picture is Tefnut, the lion headed goddess of water, is often depicted on the coffins of the deceased pouring drink from a pitcher, to sustain the souls journeying through the Underworld. She was also one of the 42 judges present at the ceremony of justification
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Mulberry Tree by Vincent van Gogh, 1889
Mulberry Tree, the Tree of Life
The mulberry tree, often called the Tree of Life is typically a fast growing bush-tree, and it will quickly take over a domain when happy. By association, mulberry tree people will expand, explore, seek, find and spread their wings to great lengths when living in the right environment.
Mulberries are such giving plants. They provide food for humans and animals alike. People connected to the mulberry tree meaning, will have the same tendency to give, provide, protect and nurture others around them.
In this same light, mulberries are natural magnets for all kinds of life. The lovely shade they provide and their delicious berries attract lots of interesting beings…from humans to birds to deer and more.
When connected to the mulberry tree, we can also attract lots of interesting people, nature, experiences, opportunities. Mulberry people will be quite fortunate, and can be like a vortex…calling to themselves who and what they needs.
This is largely due to the mulberry’s ability to remind us all about the understanding of give and take. The mulberry shows us that as we give, energy will be given to us as well. It is the Law of Reciprocation, and he will have an innate understanding about this.
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EYE IN THE SKY SONGTEXT
Don’t think sorry’s easily said Don’t try, turnin’ tables instead You’ve taken lots of chances before But I ain’t gonna give anymore Don’t ask me That’s how it goes ‘Cause part of me knows what you’re thinkin’ Don’t say words you’re gonna regret Don’t let the fire rush to your head I’ve heard the accusation before And I ain’t gonna take any more
Believe me The sun in your eyes Made some of the lies worth believing I am the eye in the sky, looking at you I can read your mind I am the maker of rules, dealing with fools I can cheat you blind
And I don’t need to see any more To know that I can read your mind (Looking at you) I can read your mind (Looking at you) I can read your mind (Looking at you) I can read your mind a.s.o.
Eye in the Sky is the sixth studio album by English rock band The Alan Parsons Project, released in June 1982 by Arista Records.
Songs on this album are in a number of different styles, from cool and funky to lyrical and heavily orchestrated. The Hipgnosis-designed sleeve is green with an image of the Eye of Horus, which was gold-foil stamped for early pressings of the LP. It is variously reported as The Alan Parsons Project’s best-selling album, and was the last platinum record in the United States from the band (joining I Robot and The Turn of a Friendly Card).
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